quinta-feira, novembro 30, 2006

30 November. St Andrew's Day. Andrew was supposed to have been crucified on an X-shaped cross ('a cross decussate', to be precise!) in Patras, Greece, after founding the Byzantine papacy. In fact andros ('virility') was a title of the phallic-solar father-god Pater (Petra / Peter) for whom Patras was an old shrine. The legend of St Andrew's crucifixion was invented by Byzantine bishops asserting their claims to primacy over Rome's St Peter. The X-shaped cross was also the Cross of Wotan carried by Norse invaders into Scotland, where it became the present Scottish national symbol.