quinta-feira, setembro 07, 2006

HOW DRUGS BROUGHT THE TALIBAN BACK TO LIFE

"The Taliban revival is directly, intimately related to the crop eradication programme. It could not have happened if the US was not aggressively destroying crops."
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"Over the past five years, with British and American military support, a sinister corporation called DynCorps has been going to the fields of the poorest farmers in Afghanistan and systematically destroying them. This is because they are growing opium poppies, used to make heroin that is freely bought on the streets of the West. Emmanuel Reinert, the Executive Director of the Senlis Council, explains, “The Taliban revival is directly, intimately related to the crop eradication programme. It could not have happened if the US was not aggressively destroying crops. It is the single biggest reason Afghans turned against the foreigners.”
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Johann Hari
The Independent - 05/09/2006

(o resto do artigo, que agradeco que leiam na integra antes de comentarem, encontra-se aqui)

3 Comments:

At 8:49 da tarde, Blogger AxiomShell said...

Este comentário foi removido por um administrador do blogue.

 
At 8:51 da tarde, Blogger AxiomShell said...

Pensei que os Taliban tinham proibido o comercio de opio em 1997.

 
At 10:04 da tarde, Blogger Joana said...

O que encontrei na wikipedia foi isto, axiom:
The Taliban banned opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan in late 1997. But by 2000, Afghanistan's opium production still accounted for 75% of the world's supply. On July 27, 2000, the Taliban again issued a decree banning opium poppy cultivation. By February 2001, production had been reduced by 98%. [1] Following the fall of the Taliban regime, the areas controlled by the Northern Alliance resumed opium production [2] and by 2005 production was 87% of the world's opium supply.[3] Most Afghan opium is sold in Europe and not the United States.

There was comment from the international human rights community on the brutality of the Taliban's anti-drug interdictions, including violent punishment of offenders. The U.S. State Department noted in 2001 that "Neither the Taliban nor the Northern Alliance has taken any significant action to seize stored opium, precursor chemicals or arrest and prosecute narcotics traffickers. On the contrary, authorities were said to continue to tax the opium poppy crop at about ten percent, and allow it to be sold in open bazaars, traded and transported."

However, the Taliban had succeeded in cutting annual poppy production from a CIA-estimated 4,042 tons per year to only 81.3 tons per year. In 2001 The United States provided $43 million worth of supplies (primarily wheat) to humanitarian relief organizations for distribution to the people of Afghanistan, while continuing to criticise the Taliban's activities. This was widely reported by critics of U.S. policy (such as Robert Scheer) to be a $43 million reward to the Taliban for reducing poppy production. The Taliban subsequently raided the shipments, but no evidence has been offered to indicate that this was the United States' intention.

Poppy production hit a record high since the fall of the Taliban government. In 2002 an estimated 4,950 metric tons of opium gum potentially producing 582 metric tons of heroin were harvested.[2] In 2006 an estimated record of 6,100 metric tons, an amount that exceeds global consumption by 30%, will be harvested. [3]

 

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